# Orientation Test

Today's Date

1 - How long would an airplane take to climb from 7.500 feet to the 10.000 with a rate of climb of 500 feet per min?

a. 5 Minutes

b. 10 Minutes

c. 4 Minutes

d. 3 Minutes

2 - If your airplane burns 36 pounds of fuel in 1 hour. How much does the aircraft weights after 1 hour 30 minutes of flight? (Initial weight 2400 pounds)

a. 2346 pounds

b. 2246 pounds

c. 2146 pounds

d. 2186 pounds

3 - How long would an airplane take to descend from 5,000 feet to 2,000 feet if it is descending at a rate of 1,000 feet per minute?

a. 3 Minutes

b. 4 Minutes

c. 5 Minutes

d. 6 Minutes

4 - The time is 7:43. Juan has to be at ADF Airways at 8:15. How much time does he have?

a. 32 min

b. 33 min

c. 27 min

d. 20 min

5 - What is the reciprocal of heading 360?

a. 180

b. 270

c. 230

d. 190

6 - What is the reciprocal of Heading 120?

a. 300

b. 240

c. 340

d. 350

7 - How far will an aircraft travel in 2-1/2 minutes with a groundspeed of 98 miles per hour?

a. 4.08 miles

b. 2.45 miles

c. 3.35 miles

d. 5 miles

8 - What is the reciprocal heading of 90?

a. 270

b. 240

c. 180

d. 360

9 -

a.
b.
c.
d.

10 -

a. 240

b. 480

c. 360

d. 720

11 -

a. 2

b. 40

c. 30

d. 5

12 -

a.

b.

c.

d.

13 -

a. 1

b. 2

c. 8

d. 9

14 -

a. 12

b. 13

c. 15

d. 10

15 -

a. A

b. B

c. C

16 -

a. 2,6

b. 3,7

c. 2,8

d. 3,6

17 -

a. 21

b. 17

c. 23

d. 19

18 -

a. 1/2

b. 1/3

c. 1/8

d. 3/9

19 - On February 9, 1969, the Boeing 747-100 jumbo jet took to the sky for the very first time. With that event, commercial air travel changed forever. With the 747 and its widebody, dual-aisle interior, airlines greatly increased the volume of passengers it could ferry per flight. Known as the Queen of the Skies, the Boeing 747 ruled the skies for most of its life. Over the past 47 years, Boeing has sold more than 1,500 of the 747s to airlines around the world. Since its first commercial flight on January, 21, 1970 with Pan Am, the 747 has dominated the widebody market and remains the best-selling widebody jet to date. In its wake, the 747 leaves a trail of less-successful widebody challengers from the some of the world's greatest airplane makers, including the McDonnell Douglas DC-10, its successor the MD11, and the Lockheed L-1011 Tristar. Currently, the only surviving four-engined widebody jet left to compete against the 747 is the double-decker, Airbus A380 super jumbo. The A380 hit the market more than 35 years after the 747 made its first flight. Today, the market for the 747 is far different than in the 1970s. Demand for the big jets has also dwindled as aviation regulations changed; airlines moved away from the hub-and-spoke model for their routes, and jet-engine technology improved — making it safer for aircraft to fly long distances with just two engines. In the last eight years, Boeing has sold just 45 jumbos — the majority of which are to be deployed as heavy freighters. Sadly, even the 747's freighter business is struggling.

How many 747s were sold to airlines around the world?

a. More than 1500

b. 1600

c. 1970

d. Exactly 1500

20 - The Wright brothers' breakthrough was their creation of a three-axis control system, which enabled the pilot to steer the aircraft effectively and to maintain its equilibrium. This method remains standard on fixed-wing aircraft of all kinds. From the beginning of their aeronautical work, the Wright brothers focused on developing a reliable method of pilot control as the key to solving "the flying problem". This approach differed significantly from other experimenters of the time who put more emphasis on developing powerful engines. Using a small homebuilt wind tunnel, the Wrights also collected more accurate data than any before, enabling them to design more efficient wings and propellers. Their first U.S. patent did not claim invention of a flying machine, but a system of aerodynamic control that manipulated a flying machine's surfaces.

What did the three-axis control system allow the wright brothers, to do with their creation?

a. It allowed the Wright brothers to steer the aircraft effectively

b. It allowed the Wright brothers to fix “the flying problem”

c. It allowed the Wright brothers to place more emphasis on developing powerful engines.

d. It allowed the Wright brothers to design more efficient wings and propellers.

21 - Boeing CEO Dennis Muilenburg believes a growing shortage of pilots represents “one of the biggest challenges” facing the airline industry. His comments come at a time when more people are flying to more places, but the number of pilots being trained are unable to keep up with demand. Demand for air travel is growing so rapidly that 800,000 new pilots are expected to be needed over the next 20 years, according to Boeing’s latest forecast. The biggest need is in the Asia-Pacific region, where an improving economy in China has resulted in more people booking flights. More people are flying in the U.S. too but, at the same time, experienced pilots are reaching the mandatory retirement age of 65 years old. Speaking to CNBC’s Phil LeBeau at the Paris Air Show on Monday, Muilenburg described a global pilot shortage as “one of the biggest challenges we have going forward.” Muilenburg said that, according to Boeing’s latest outlook, the market place would climb to \$8.7 trillion, up from \$8.1 trillion, over the next 10 years. He also estimated the number of new commercial airplanes would rise to 44,000, up from 43,000, over the next two decades. “If you look at those 44,000 new airplanes over the next 20 years, to go along with that we need about 800,000 new pilots, 750,000 new aviation technicians and so building that talent pipeline for the future is really important,” Muilenburg said. “That’s an area where Boeing will be making additional investments.”

What is a major reason the US is needing pilots so desperately in the decades to come?

a. Pilots in most airlines are getting close to the mandatory age retirement in aviation

b. The cost of training is too high

c. There aren't enough airlines in the United States

22 - In 1930, Elrey B. Jeppesen signed on with Varney Airlines and later with Boeing Air Transport as an airmail pilot to fly the Salt Lake City-Cheyenne/Salt Lake City- Oakland routes. During the winters of 1930 and 1931, Jeppesen experienced the loss of many of his fellow pilots due partly to the lack of published aeronautical information. To improve safety, he began recording pertinent information about flight routes and airports in a 10 cent black notebook. Jeppesen included field lengths, slopes, drainage patterns, information on lights and obstacles, drawings which profiled terrain and airport layouts, as well as phone numbers of local farmers who could provide weather reports. Equipped with an altimeter to record accurate elevations, Jeppesen climbed hills, smokestacks, and water towers on his days off. He flew each leg of the radio ranges and jotted down safe letdown procedures for airports.

In the 1930’s what was a way pilots obtained weather reports?

a. By calling flight service station

b. By calling local farmers that provided weather reports

c. With the use of altimeters

23 - Doolittle's most important contribution to aeronautical technology were his early contributions to instrument flying. He was the first to recognize that true operational freedom in the air could not be achieved unless pilots developed the ability to control and navigate aircraft in flight, from takeoff run to landing rollout, regardless of the range of vision from the cockpit. Doolittle was the first to envision that a pilot could be trained to use instruments to fly through fog, clouds, precipitation of all forms, darkness, or any other impediment to visibility; and in spite of the pilot's own possibly convoluted motion sense inputs. Even at this early stage, the ability to control aircraft was getting beyond the motion sense capability of the pilot. That is, as aircraft became faster and more maneuverable, pilots could become seriously disoriented without visual cues from outside the cockpit, because aircraft could move in ways that pilots' senses could not accurately decipher.

What was the major factor that might have caused pilots to get disoriented if all visual cues were removed from outside the cockpit?

a. The speed of the aircraft

b. The density of the precipitation

c. The motion sense capability of the pilot

d. The density of the clouds

24 - Lindbergh took off in the Spirit from Roosevelt Airfield, Garden City, New York, and landed 33 hours, 30 minutes later at Aéroport Le Bourget in Paris, France, a distance of approximately 3,600 miles (5,800 km). One of the best-known aircraft in the world, the Spirit was built by Ryan Airlines in San Diego, California, owned and operated at the time by Benjamin Franklin Mahoney, who had purchased it from its founder, T. Claude Ryan, in 1926. The Spirit is on permanent display in the main entryway's Milestones of Flight gallery at the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C.

What was the distance between the departure and destination airports in Lindbergh’s flight?

a. 1926 miles

b. 3300 miles

c. 3600 miles

d. 5800 miles

25 - In 1933, Wiley Post completed a solo round-the-world flight in his Lockheed Vega, the Winnie Mae in 7 days, 18 hours, and 49 1/2 minutes. His goal was to prove that flying could be safer and more precise with the benefits of new instruments and equipment, such as the automatic pilot and radio direction finder. Having accomplished his objective, Post was determined to take aviation technology even further. Upon his return, he announced that if man wanted to fly long distances safely and faster, he would have to fly higher — into the stratosphere, where the powerful jet stream winds blew. Since Post could not pressurize the Winnie Mae’s cabin, he enlisted the help of the BFGoodrich Company to develop a full-pressure suit he could wear while flying the airplane. Post’s suit consisted of three layers (long underwear, an inner black rubber air pressure bladder, and an outer cloth contoured suit), and a helmet (containing a special oxygen breathing system and outlets for earphones and a throat microphone).

Why did Wiley Post believe that flying at higher altitudes will allow airplanes to fly longer distances more safely and faster?

a. Because at higher altitudes airplanes will encounter powerful jet streams

b. Because at higher altitudes the new instrument and equipment he used on his flight will work better

c. Because at higher altitudes it was easier to pressurize the aircrafts

d. Because according to the text, at higher altitudes aircraft engines will be more effective