Instrument Rating


Instrument flight training is organized by a structure of methods and techniques that allow the pilot to fly the aircraft with reference to the instruments.

This is a very important step as it potentially increases the safety conditions in flight. The skills acquired with this rating allow pilots to fly safely through the clouds without external visual references.

Pilots also learn in this step how to make approaches and landings in challenging weather conditions and develop the skills to use the instruments of the plane, the GPS and other navigation aids to guide it through the clouds and perform successful approaches and landings.

Minimum requirements:

  • Hold a Private Pilot Certificate.
  • Have at least a third class medical certificate.
  • Be able to read, write and speak in English
  • Pass a written FAA exam
  • Comply with the minimum requirements of flight experience for instrument rating.
  • Pass practical oral and flight examination.
  • ** International students require an M-1 student visa and TSA.

The Training Program

Our training is based on a planned curriculum, whose methodology has been successful over time and frequently adjusted in search of excellence.

Ground and flight lessons have been developed to obtain the highest level of understanding of instrumental systems and procedures. Our classes are personalized (one instructor per student), which guarantees that each lesson has a personal treatment and each instructor is dedicated to a single student for each block of study. Classes do not have a fixed schedule, because they are personalized. This allows comfort and adjustments in the theoretical and flight class schedules

Stages of Instrument Rating

Stage 1 – Basic IFR Flight (flight attitude)

In this stage you will learn the basics about the use of instruments in the cockpit during training in a simulator or in the plane. When training on the aircraft, the pilot will not have visibility to the outside, which will allow him to concentrate on the instrumentation of the aircraft. For this purpose, they will use an approved hood to limit outside vision or special glasses called “foogles”, an element that will simulate the visibility of being inside the clouds. This stage will teach you how the flight instruments work, why they are important and how to perform basic flight maneuvers safely based on the plane’s instruments.

Stage 2 – IFR Approaches and Holdings

Instrument flight involves more than maneuvers in the air.

The pilot must learn to descend safely from the clouds, be able to configure the aircraft for approaches and landings and execute hold maneuvers, called “holdings”. For example, holdings becomes necessary when there is a need to keep air traffic within specified airspace that is reasonably protected.

In addition to these skills, you will also learn how to use VOR, NDB and GPS equipment. Upon completion of this stage, you can safely fly an airplane and approach to land  breaking the clouds as low as 200 feet above the runway based only on the airplane’s instruments, in visibilities of up to half a mile.

Stage 3 – IFR Cross-Country and Practical Exam Preparation

In stage three, everything learned in the previous stages is compiled and applied in the real world. While flying cross-country, the pilot will be able to plan, navigate and perform approaches in conditions of limited visibility. You will also be prepared for the practical exam, which will be done upon completion of stage three.

Once you pass the practical test, you will be granted an instrument rating, which will allow you to fly between clouds or in an environment with restricted visibility.

All pilot training programs are based on the FAA Practical Test Standard (PTS). Our goal is to ensure the pilot applicant meets or exceeds PTS expectations. If you would like to learn more about the Instrument Rating PTS, click here.

Where Do I Go From Here?

A Private Pilot License with an Instrument rating is ideal for flying in a wide range of conditions on a personal basis. However, if you want to fly in corporate aviation, emergency services, travel and tourism, flight instruction, agriculture, banner towing, or another aviation field, the next logical step at an aviation flight school will be Commercial Pilot Flight Training.

Start typing and press Enter to search

× Available from 08:00 to 18:00